Using data from the Kepler mission, scientists have specifically identified 24 extrasolar planets that may be better adapted than Earth to the emergence and evolution of life. This fascinating discovery, because it cannot be denied that one of the most pressing questions of modern science is about the forms of life anywhere outside our planet. And while we still haven't found any direct evidence, exploration missions like Kepler have contributed a lot to our knowledge of planetary system formation, and have provided researchers with confirmation that it is worth thinking about life outside our solar system other than by speculation.
So far, we have discovered over 4,000 exoplanets, many of which have been found habitable, although keep in mind that this is a rather confusing term. It does not mean planets on which we can land and start a new life - rather, it means rocky formations located in the correct orbital region, where the temperature is adequate to keep the water in liquid form on the surface, without it freezing or boiling. To better visualize what planets we're talking about here, the Earth obviously meets these criteria ... just like Mars or Venus.
Therefore, Washington State University (WSU) has decided to slightly modify its search and identify 24 extrasolar planets that are not only habitable but potentially better conditions for development than Earth. They are more than 100 light-years from the Sun and were selected from the Kepler Object of Interest Exoplanet Archive for their ability to appear and evolve life. One of the features that can contribute to better living conditions than on Earth is the planet's sun - it is generally accepted that ideal candidates should be sought around spectral G-type stars, like our sun. However, the life cycle of such stars is 8-10 billion years, of which in our case 4 billion "went" to the evolution of any other than the most basic life forms.
K-type dwarf streaming audit by contrast, are cooler and smaller than the Sun, but have a life cycle of up to 70 billion years, which gives significantly more time for life forms to emerge and develop. The size and mass of the planet are also important - the Earth is able to inhabit its surface sufficient for geological activity, which gives us a protective magnetic field and has sufficient gravity to maintain the atmosphere. According to the researchers, if the planet were only 10% larger, it would have a much larger surface area to live in, and a temperature 5 degrees Celsius higher would guarantee biodiversity in rainforests on most of the planet. And while none of the 24 planets meet all of these conditions, one has 4 key factors, so there is hope.