200 victims, 6,000 injured, 300,000 people homeless and damaged buildings in the middle of Lebanon's capital. A team of researchers from Sheffield University set out to find out exactly how powerful the outbreak that took place in the Lebanese capital on August 4 this year was. Research has shown that it had the strength of 1/20 of the bomb dropped on the Japanese Hiroshima.
As a result of improper storage and explosion of approx. 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, energy was released with a power corresponding to the detonation of 500-1100 tons of TNT. It is worth adding here that the world's largest non-nuclear bomb, i.e. GBU-43, generates an explosion energy corresponding to 11 tons of TNT, which is 10 times smaller than that in Beirut. Scientists analyzed video recordings available on social networking sites and estimated the damage to the settlements adjacent to the port.
Within a second, energy at web alpha level of 1 GWh was released, which means that it could be used to power 1000 households for a whole month. The largest man-made explosion, apart from the detonation of nuclear bombs, occurred at Halifax in 1917, during a collision between two ships. One of them was carrying explosives. The energy of the explosion was equivalent to the detonation of 3000 tons of TNT.